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Displacement Reality in NES

The Syrian revolution has resulted in, since its inception in March 2011, a set of civil, political and social problems and challenges, most notably and most severe to the Syrians situation. The internal displacement file which extended catastrophically, due to the progressive military conflicts in the Syrian arena among different international and local forces, which resulted in large displacement waves towards cities and villages that witness relatively stable conditions as well as seeking for asylum outside the country.

The Syrian civil organizations have, according to its available and limited capabilities contributed to limit some of the repercussions of the Syrian displacement, which were not at the required level, yet were appropriate to the nature of the available resources at organizations, especially the areas that came out of the Syrian regime authority, or that the Syrian regime is incapable to control their security and military, such as areas under the control of the Self-Administration in NES, which include 15 organized camps, that shelter more than half a million of displaced Syrians.

The Turkish military attacks beside Syrian military forces, most of which are radical, influenced the displacement condition in the areas of the Self-Administration, as the operations (Euphrates Shield- Olive Branch- Spring of Peace) that targeted the cities and towns of which the majority are Kurdish and are located within the Kurdish vital sphere in Syria, have led to the displacement of hundreds of thousands of civilians from borderland towns and cities towards areas under the SDF and far from the Turkish-Syrian border, which transformed into a big camp that shelter the displaced in tents and schools.

The displaced endure all types of sufferance in their livelihood, in tragic conditions and terrible situations at all educational, health, social and economic sectors; in the midst of a severe deprivation of the basic services, increasing aggravation of needs, whether in camps or in host villages and cities.

Despite the wide space for local and international civil organizations work in different sectors, however they were not able to meet the displaced needs through their programs and projects, as the support provided at all aspects is still incommensurable with the number present, in addition to its constant increase, whether in food security and livelihood sector or water and sanitation and shelter sectors, "providing tents for random camps", education and protection, and most recently the medical sector due to the emerging Covid-19 pandemic.

Table of Contents:
An Overview of Displacement in Syria in General:
The Reality of Displacement in Camps:
The Reality of Displacement in Cities and Villages (Host Communities):
- First: Economic (Livelihood):
- Second: Health (Psychological and Physical Health):
- Third: education:
- Fourth: Other Challenges:
International and Local Reactions:
Responsibility and Role of Conflicting Parties:
Displacement Consequences:
Conclusions and Recommendations:

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