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The Kurdish-Kurdish Dialogue in Syria

2020-09-30
The Kurdish political movement has suffered since the establishment of its first party (the Syrian Kurdish Democratic Party), in June 1957, from various and multiple political, social and regional circumstances and disputes. Its members and supporters were subjected to compelling circumstances; like security prosecutions, arbitrary arrests, and martial court rulings. This forced many of them to leave the country, consequently leading to lack of various forms of stability of the Kurdish movement.

Within the aforementioned context, the tyranny of personal interests over the public interest and political dissonance, as well as regional, tribal and domestic differences, led to a series of splits within the Kurdish political movement and the situation gradually developed into the formation of dozens of Kurdish parties.

During the past few years, the Kurdish political movement in Syria has witnessed new intellectual, organizational and alliance differences, as well as a more expansion and impactful interference in Syrian Kurdish internal affairs by the Kurdish parties in Iraq and Turkey.

Since the start of the popular protests in Syria against the Syrian regime in March 2011, inclusive Kurdish political frameworks have been formed:
New parties, youth organizations, civil organizations, and …. etc. However, these frameworks failed to formulate a unified Kurdish vision and to establish a comprehensive political discourse on Kurdish national issues in Syria.

During the past years, Kurdish and international parties have actively pursued political initiatives, to bridge the gap between the main Kurdish political poles in Syria. However, all these efforts have not found a method to implement and succeed, as each Kurdish political party blames the other for the failure of these initiatives.

Table of Contents:

-Introduction:
-The Executive Summary:
-The Kurdish Political Movement in Syria:
-The Kurdish-Kurdish Dialogue:
Hawler I Agreement:
Hawler II Agreement:
Dohuk Agreement and the Formation of the Kurdish Political Authority:
-Reasons for Agreements' Failure:
-Initiative of the SDF General Commander Mazloum Abdi:
-The Role of Media in the Kurdish-Kurdish Dialogue:
-The Role of Civil Society in the Kurdish-Kurdish Dialogue:
-Recommendations and Conclusions:
-References:

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