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ASO – Amouda

The DSP issued an extensive report with the participation of several organizations and international and local agencies, where they introduce a solution regarding the pending issues of the displaced in Northeastern Syria.

The DSP, NES Forum, NES NGO Platform, IRC, World Vision, Mercy Corps, IMMAP and ASO for Consultancy and Strategic Studies have participated in the preparing and issuing of the report.

The report includes 32 safety indicators and is based on a comprehensive review of the realities in Northeastern Syria, in addition to 23 interviews with experts and local activists on the issue in question.

The report states that "Conditions cannot be considered conducive for durable solutions unless relevant authorities ensure physical safety and security in displacement-affected communities. Meaning that the displaced, returnees and the non-displaced of all age groups, genders and tendencies have to be able to live a life free of threats to their physical safety."

The report points out that "Fears of violence are high among the population of NES, with recurring violence between the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) and Turkish-backed groups as well as occasional disputes between SDF and Government of Syria (GoS) entities."

It also adds that "Further, limited ongoing ISIS activity, tribal conflicts, and increased crime resulting from worsening economic conditions pose threats to physical safety and security."

The report explains that "Gender reflects great impacts on safety and the degree of risks, especially, sexual violence risks and GBV. Gender and sexual identity, that join together with other factors like the civil status, the date of displacement and place of residency and disability, significantly impact the population of Northeastern Syria."

The report states, "Legal protection for IDPs and returnees is an essential requirement to reduce vulnerabilities and open pathways for return and (re)integration, and thus to achieve durable solutions. Although some progress has been made with regard to legal safety, significant challenges remain."

The report calls on the concerned parties that support the durable solutions pathways in Northeastern Syria to support long-term programs that would meet the needs and requirements of the displaced outside and inside the camps. It stressed the need to provide long-term funding to support stability and recovery from the effects of the war in the main cities and towns where the displaced reside.

Moreover, the report focuses on the concept that regional and international governing bodies should continue to refrain from promoting the return of Syrian refugees to Syria, including NES, and maintain or expand existing principled support to displaced and non-displaced NES residents.

The report points out that filling existing data gaps on the needs and experiences of IDPs and former IDPs seeking to return or integrate into their communities of residence, or settle elsewhere, may expand durable solutions pathways in NES.

The report calls on countries and international organizations to provide funding for research that supports long-term local durable solutions policies and programs, in addition to research for humanitarian response.

The report can be shared upon request.

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